The total population of Madhya Pradesh is 7,26,26,809.The tribal population makes up for around 1,53,16,784.A total of 43 tribes can be found in the state, the detailed information of whom is as follows:
Population : The Agariyaare 41, 253 in number and account for approximately 0.0057% populace of the state.
Residence : Gahadol, Mandla, Dindori, Umaria, Anuppur, Sidhi and Singrauli.
Lineage : The major lineages or Gotras of the Amariya tribe areBaghel, Dhurva, Markam, Udka, Teka, Sonwani, Maravi, Maraai,Masram, Kareaam, Nag, Tilam, Besra etc.Totems of each of these Gotras or lineages can be found.
Lifestyle : Their houses are made of clay. They are covered with thatch or native rag. Thesehouses consist of two or three rooms. The walls are painted using white or yellow soil, and the floors are made of clay.
Diet : Their main food is rice, ghee,boiledkutki, maize, bread, black and green lentils, horse-gram stew and seasonal vegetables. Their choice of meat comes fromfish, roosters,goats, deer, wild boars, rabbits, etc.
Attire : The males of this tribe wear Pancha and Angarakha, while their female counterparts wear a Lungda.
Tattoos : The females of this tribe get their arms, legs, face, chin and forehead tattooed.
Festivals : Their major festivals are Nawakhani, Dussehra, Deepawali, Holi, Karamapuja etc.
Folk Dance : The people of this tribe perform Karma dance during Karma Puja,Padki dance on Diwali,and wedding dances during marriages. Both men and women participate in dances performed on music such asKarama songs, Vadaria songs, Suasongs, Phag,Bhajans, etc. These songs usually involve musical instruments.The dancers wear colourful costumes and ornaments.
Art : Iron craft
Occupation : The main occupation of the members of theAgariya tribe is to extract iron from iron ores, and then use this iron to make tools and weapons such as axes, hammers, shovels, sickles, ploughs,arrowheads, etc.
Because they earn their livelihood from fire(aag), the people of this tribe are known as the Agariyas.
Birth ceremony : The midwives are local elderly women.After the successful delivery of a child, the umbilical cord is cut using a sickle or a knife. This cord is buried at the place of birth. The new mother is fed a stew made fromMahua, java plum, ebony skin, jaggery,etc.to aid recovery. From the third day, she’s fed yellow lentil stew and boiled rice. On the sixth day, the mother and the baby are given a bath and made to wear new clothes. They then worship their deities and take their blessings.
The marriageable age for boys is considered to be 16 to 18 years, and for girls, it is considered to be 15 to 17 years. The marriage proposal is initiated from the groom's side.The groom'sfather gives the bride's father rice, pulses, turmeric, oil, jaggery, clothes and cash(given as “bride money”).
The marriage ceremony is ordained by the elders or Pradhaanof the tribe.A marriage with a cross-cousin and live-in sons-in-lawaresociallyrecognised. Elopement, forced marriages, etc., are recognised after some capital punishment to the accused.
Widow remarriage and remarriage of the divorcees also takes place.
Death ceremony : Dead bodies are buried. On the third day, the relatives of the dead have a bath.On this day, the men of the family and extended family get their hair and beard cut.
Special attention is paid to the cleanliness of the home and clothes.
On the tenth day, the family of the deceased arranges a mercy meal.
Deities : The chief deities of this tribe areBudha Deva, Lohasur, Thakurdev, Dulhadeva, SheetlaMata, Baghadeva,Jogni, Ghurlapat etc.In addition, Hindu deities, the sun, the moon, trees, mountains, rivers, snakes, etc. are also worshipped.
The population of Andhra tribe is 137.
Population : The population of Andhra tribe is 137.
Residence : Andhra Pradesh, Shivpuri, Indore, Bhopal, Betul, Jabalpur, Seoni, Balaghat, Singrauli.
Lineage : The chief lines of descent or Gotras areNanske, Bansale, Dukre, Devkar, Fafre, Gohar, Khairkar, Khadke, Magare, Matkari, Natkar, Pardhi, Surwakar, Tadche, Thote, Umare, Waghmare, Ogham, Deshmukhi, Dhanway,Bhaibhare, Gaikwad, Bhedkal,etc.
Lifestyle : Houses are made of mud.The house usually consists of two rooms, one of which is the kitchen, and the other is the main residence room.There is no veranda or courtyard in front of the house.
For ceilings, thatch, rag or grass is thrown over the house.
The main residence room consists of a storage box for grains, household items, bedspreads and quilts, clothes, musical instruments, etc.
Diet : Their main food is sorghum flatbread, raab, black, yellow, green and barbati lentils, seasonal vegetables, etc.Sometimes, they also eat flatbread made of wheat, and boiled rice.Meat of animals such as fish, goats, roosters, boars, blue antelopes, rabbit, etc. is also eaten.Wild fruits and vegetables are eaten after collection.
Attire : The men of this tribe wear a Dhotar, and a Bundi or a kurta. On their head, they wear a turban or a hat. The women wear lungda and choli.Married women wear a Mangalsutra and toe rings which areconsidered the symbols of being married. Some other ornaments that the Andhra women wear are nose-rings, earrings, glass bangles, bracelets made of silver(or made of materials that have been dipped in silver or gold water), and rings.
Tattoos : Women get their foreheads, chins and cheeks tattooed. They believe that they can enter heaven only if their foreheads are tattooed.
Festivals : The major festivals are Akhadi, GudiPadwa, Nagpanchami, Pola, Dussehra, Diwali, Holi Mahashivratri etc.
Folk Dance : The members of this tribe perform dances on various ceremonies, or sanskaars, like on the occasion of naming a baby, on the occasion of marriage, etc. Dancing and singing is organised during various festivals and festivities and folk dances and songs are performed.
Art : ....................
Occupation : Their traditional occupation used to be agriculture, hunting, food gathering, fishing etc.
The main agricultural produce of the Andhra tribe is sorghum, millet, maize, groundnut, cotton, and lentils–black, yellow and green.
Birth ceremony : The delivery is performed at home by the local "Daiya" (midwife).The impure/unclean phase after the birth continues till the twelfth day.
On the fifth day after the birth is panchmi, and on the seventh day,namativaich, or the ceremony of naming the baby is performed.
Mundan(head-shaving) and Jawal (ear-piercing) are completed in the early years of childhood
Wedding ceremony : Marriageable age is considered to be 16 to 20 for boys and 12 to 16 for girls.
The proposal is initiated from the groom's side.The groom’s father gives cash, grains, pulses, turmeric, etc. to the bride’sfather as “bride price”.
Forced marriages and elopement can also be found, but the decision of the tribe-panchayat is given prominence in these cases. Only after paying some penalty are these types of marriages socially recognised.
Widows, widowers and divorcees can remarry. For marriage, a first cross-cousin is given priority.
Death ceremony : Upon death, the deceased is buried. Some members of the tribe may cremate their dead.
The impure period after death is observed for ten days. On the third, fifth and tenth day, rites are performed.
Deities : The major deities of the Andhra tribe are Maruti, Mahadev, Mari Aayi, Mata, Bhimsen, Waghmai, Khandoba, Kanhoba, Masai, Munja, Krishna etc.
The total population of the Baiga Tribe is 4,14,526. Thetribe amounts to 0.051% of the total population of the state.
Population : The total population of the Baiga Tribe is 4,14,526. Thetribe amounts to 0.051% of the total population of the state.
Residence : Shahdol, Mandla, Sidhi, Katni, Balaghat, Umaria, Jabalpur, Singrauli, Dindori and Anuppur.
Lineage : The lineages of descent or Gotras are Ghurave, Mercam, Parateti, Netam etc.Totems of each tribe can be found.
Lifestyle : Their houses are located near hill slopes or arable land. These houses may be made of bamboo, wood and clay. The ceilings are made from thatch,grass or leaves. A storage box of clay is made for storing grains.Paddy-pestle, manual grinder, baskets made from bamboo, pottery, bedspreads and quilts, bows and arrows, tangia, fishnets, drums, etc. can be found.
Diet : The food of the Baiga tribe consists of a drink made from koda millet, kutki, maize and little millet.
Their food contains a high amount of wild leaves, which are used as vegetables.
In monsoon, soft bamboo, which they call Kareel, is used as a curry. Similarly, Pihri (mushroom), a type of fungi, used as a vegetable. The members of this tribe are more interested in eating meat.
Attire : The attire of Baiga men is very simple.They tie a cloth on their head to form a turban. For jewellery, they wear a bracelet(that has been dipped in silver or gold water) on their left wrist, and small earrings.
Baiga women drape their dhotis in three ways, generally known as Chaukhana Dhotis. These are Mungi Dhoti, Chagadariya dhoti and Bigra dhoti.
Tattoos : Tattoosare the chief ornamentation of the Baigas. They believe that these tattoos are carried with them to the other world even after their death.
Festivals : The major festivals are Holi, Pola, Nawakhai, Bidri Puja, Dussehra, Karama Puja etc.
Folk Dance : Men and women are divided into two groups for dance. They dance cheerfully to the music of different kinds of drums.
Dance forms like Karama, Dadriya, Jharpat, etc. are prominent, while their famous songs include Karamagit, Dadaria, SuaGit, Vivahgeet, MatsevaGit, Phag etc.
Their chief instruments include dhol, timki, nagarakinnari, tiski etc.
Art : Mask-making, wood-crafts and painting.
Occupation : The Baiga tribe is majorly dependent on forestry and agriculture.Maize, sorghum, paddy, kodo millet, kutki, little millet, black mustard, Tiwada, yellow lentils, black gram, Wheat, red lentilsetc. are their chief produce.
Birth ceremony : Childbirth in the Baiga tribe is usually performed at home by the local Sunmai (midwife) and the elder women of the family. Laddoos made from dry ginger, peepal, celery, jaggery etc. are fed to the new mother. On the sixth day, Chhati is celebrated.
Wedding ceremony : The marriageable age of boys is considered to be 14-18 years and for girls, the appropriate marriage age is considered to be 12-16 years.
As expenditure, the bride’s family is given rice, pulses, jaggery, sesame seeds, turmeric, and some cash by the groom’s family.
Live-in sons-in-law, elopement, forced marriages and concensual marriages are socially accepted. Remarriage is also prevalent.
Death ceremony : Upon death, the deceased is buried.The house and clothes are cleaned on the third day. The male relatives of the deceased get their beard, moustache and hair cut. Dashakarm and mercy-meal are organised on the tenth day.
Deities : The Baiga tribe is polytheistic.The deities are divided in two categories–Village deities include Thakur Dev, Narayan Dev, Khairmai, Manpati Mai, and Domestic deities include old Banjari, Dulhadev etc.
The total population of the Bhaina tribe is 6,367 which accounts for0.0009% of the total population of the state.
Population : The total population of the Bhaina tribe is 6,367 which accounts for0.0009% of the total population of the state.
Residence : This tribe is found in Shahdol, Mandla, Umaria, Dindori and Anuppur etc.
Lineage : Their major gotras are Naga, Wagha, Chitwa, Gighava, Besra, Bendra, Lodha, Bataria, Gabad, Durgachiya, Mircha, Dhobia, Ahera, Bead, Malin etc.Totems of these gotra are found.
Lifestyle : Their homes are made of mud.Ceilings of these houses are made of thatch or rag.
Household items consist of storage boxes for grains, cots, beddings, utensils, agricultural tools, axe, pestle, manual mill, bamboo baskets, etc.
Diet : Their main food is rice, boiled Kodo,stale black lentils,green and yellow lentils, stew, seasonal vegetables, etc
In meat, they eat fish, chicken and mutton.
Attire : The men of this tribe wearpancha-chandi, dhoti and kurta, and the women, Lugda and polka.
The women are fond of jewellery. They wear toe-rings, cummerbund, anklets, coil, bangles, bracelets, rupiah, nose-rings, etc.
Tattoos : Bhaina women are tattooed on face, hands and feet.
Festivals : Teeja, Pola, Pitar, Nawakhani, Dussehra, Diwali and Holi
Folk Dance : The people of this tribe perform the Karama and the mystical RamghuniBihava dances.The women perform Karama and Padaki dances.Their chief folk songs are Karamagit, Dadriyagit, Rahasgit, Bhajans, Suagit, etc
Art : ---
Occupation : The principle sources of livelihood of this tribe include agriculture, food gathering and labouring.
This tribe mainly sows Kodo, Paddy, Urad, Moong, Tiwada, Sesame, Tuvar etc. Members collect Ebony, ebony leaves, Char, Mahua, Gulli, Gum Lac, Harra, indian gooseberry, etc
Birth ceremony : No rites take place during the pregnancy. The child is delivered at home with the help of local 'suindai'. Post delivery, the placenta is cut with a knife or a blade and buried in the house itself.
The new mother is fed laddoos with sesame, jaggery, peepal, carom, ghee, and coconut.Chhatiis celebrated on the sixth day after birth. Male relatives of the child get their hair cut.
Marriageable Age : The marriageable age is considered as 16 to 18 years for boys, and 15–17 years for girls.
The proposal is initiated from the groom's side.The bride’s family is given some rice, lentils, oil, jaggery and cash as sook.Wedding, engagement, phaldaan and gonaare the four stages of the union. Marriages such as forced marriage, elopement, service-marriage, consensual marriage, remarriage, and remarriage in the form of a marriage between siblings-in-law are socially recognised and accepted.
Death Rites : Upon death, the deceased is buried. On the third day after the death, male relatives of the deceased get their heads, beards and moustaches shaved
Deities : The deities of the Bhaina tribe are Thakurdev, Budhadeva, Goraiyadeva, Sheetalamata etc.The sun, the moon, the earth, rivers mountains, trees, tigers, snakes, etc., and Hindu deities are also worshipped.
||Bharatiya / Bhumiya
Click on the button to toggle between showing and hiding content.
Population : The total population of the Bhariya tribe is 4,93,230 compensating to 0.266% of the total population of the state.
Residence : Members of this tribe can be found in Jabalpur, Shahdol, Chhindwara, Mandla, Seoni, Anuppur, Narsinghpur, Dindori, Katni, Hoshangabad, Panna, Umaria, Satna and Patalakot basins.
Lineage : The Bhariyatribals of Chhindwara may be Kumra, Udka, Tekam, Paratei, Pendram, Dhurwa, Bhalavi, Bagdariya, Gondalia, Khamaria, Thakariya, Bhartia etc.
The Bhumiyatribals of Mandla identify themselves as Badiya, Darakur, Dhurwa, Jikram, Kawachi, Karyam, Maravi, Margaum, Pendro, Pota, Sokhay etc.Totems of each lineage or gotra may be found.
Lifestyle : Their houses are often made of mud, covered with grass or thatch ceiling. The walls are made of clay, and are painted white or yellow using clay, too. In the house can be found storage boxes for storing grains, mill, pestle, bamboo baskets, clay or aluminum utensils, beddings and quilts, agricultural tools, axe,etc.Pets have a separate place in their homes.
Diet : The main dietary sources of these tribes include maize, sorghum flatbread, kodo, boiled rice, black, yellow and green lentils, seasonal vegetables etc.For meat, they eat poultry, partridge, crabs, fish, goats, etc.
Attire : The males of these tribes wear dhoti, pancha, bundi and kurta, and females wear polka and lungda.
The women wear bangles, anklets, earrings and toe-rings.
Tattoos : Women get their forehead, hands, feet, chin, throat etc. tattooed.
Festivals : The main festivals, i.e., Vidri, Asadi, Jivati, Panchami, Aata, Teeja, Pora, Pitar, Naurata, Dussehra, Diwali, Holi etc. are celebrated with enthusiasm by the tribe.
Folk Dance : Saila during Diwali, Rahas on Holi, Gunnur during Pola, Vihava during marriage etc. are the prevalent dance styles in the tribe. The Bhariyawomen perform the Farki dance.
Art : Bamboo crafts, wood crafts, clay crafts, paintings.
Occupation : The main occupation of Bharatiya / Bhumia is agriculture and food gathering.
Birth Ceremony : No special rituals are performed during pregnancy among the Bharatiya people. The delivery isperformed at home by elderly women. Chhatiis celebrated on the sixth day.
After giving a bath to the child and the mother, the Sun God is worshipped.
Wedding ceremony : The marriageable age is considered to be 17-18 for boys and 15-16 for girls. The groom’s father, as expenditure, gives kodo,rice, pulses, oil, jaggery and cash to the bride’s father.
Live-in son-in-law and remarriage can also be found.
Death Rites : Upon death, the body is buried. The male relatives of the deceased get their heads, beards and moustaches shaved on the third day. Cleaning and painting of the house is also done. On the eleventh day, mercy meal is organised.
Deities : Some of their main deities areHardul Dev, Bada Dev, Thakur Dev, Budhibai, Bhaisasura etc.
Hindu Gods and Goddesses, Sun God, Nagdev, trees, rivers, etc. are also worshipped.
The total population of Bhatra is 1155, which is 0.002 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Population: The total population of Bhatra is 1155, which is 0.002 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Residence Region: Bhatra tribe is found in the Muraina, Bhind, Gwalior, Sagar, Satna, Neemach, Ratlam, Ujjain, Devas, Indore, Bhopal, Harda, Katni districts.
Gotra (lineage): The major gotra in the Bhatra tribe is Kashyap, Mohre, Naag, Bakra, etc. The totems of these tribes are also found.
Living style: The houses of the Bhatra people are made of mud. They make their own houses. Their household items include, cots, grindstones, millstones, Pestle, bedspreads and blankets, utensils for cooking and eating, which are made up of Aluminum, steel and mud. Axes, plough, bullock cart, farming tools, fishing rods and net are found in their houses.
Food: They prefer rice and lentils. Especially black and green lentils, kulthi beans or madras grams and seasonal vegetables. In nonveg food, they prefer fish and chicken.
Clothing and Accessories: The traditional clothing for men is Dhoti and for women is lungda (female dhotis). Nowadays, they wear Sarees.
Tattoos: Women paint different designs of tattoos on their hands, legs and body.
Festivals: Their main festivals are Hariyali, Navakhayi, Naagpanchhmi, Dussehra, Holi and Diwali.
Dance: People of Bhatra community perform Karma and Ramsatta dance form. They have a tradition of singing folk songs like Gorageet, Rahasgeet, etc. On the occasion of Navratri they perform Ramleela drama.
Occupation: The main occupations of the Bhatra tribe includes agriculture, forest farming, woodcutting, farming, etc. In farming, they grow crops like kodo millet, mung beans, and green lentils. In forest farming, they cultivate Mahua (Indian butter tree), honey, gum, and East Indian ebony.
Birth rituals: The child should be born in the husband's house. The birth takes place under the guidance of elder ladies and midwives. A pit is dug on a place of birth and the umbilical cord is buried there. For three days the mother is given a special tea made of herbs and jaggery. The sixth day after the birth is celebrated as 'Chhati'.
Marriage rituals: The average age of marriage of girls is 17-19 years and boys get married around 18-20. The marriage talk is initiated by the family of the groom. In the wedding ceremony, the father of the groom gives wheat, coconut, lentils, turmeric, betel nut, saree and blouse (for the bride), and sweets to the bride's father. After that, the wedding takes place. Re-marriage and widow remarriage have given social importance in the community.
Death rituals: The dead body is buried immediately after the death, some members of the community burn the dead body, mostly children are buried. The tenth day after death is known as 'Dashkaram', all relatives come that day, the males of the family shave their mustaches and heads and funeral food is provided to everyone.
God-Goddesses: The main Gods and Goddesses of the Bhatra community are Thakurdev, Budhababa, Mother Goddess, Pardesheen Mata, Danteshwari Goddess, Budhimai, etc.
||Bhil, bhilala, barela, patelia
The total population of the Bhil tribe is 59,93,921 which is 8.253 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Population: The total population of the Bhil tribe is 59,93,921 which is 8.253 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Residence region: The Bhil people are mainly found in Sheopur, Muraina, Bhind, Gwalior, Datiya, Shivpuri, Guna, Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur, Panna, Sagar, Damoh, Satna, Rewa, Umaria, Shahdol, Sidhi, Neemach, Mandsore, Ratlam, Ujjain, Shajapur, Devas, Jhabua, Dhar, Indore, West and East Nimar, Barwani, Rajgarh, Vidisha, Bhopal, Sehore, Raisen, Betul, Hoshangabad, Katni, Jabalpur, Narsinghpur, Dindori, Mandala, Chhindwara, Seoni, Balaghat.
Gotra (lineage): Their prominent gotra are Katara, Damor, Ninama, Nanot, Patel, Makwana, Gamare, Garasiya, Thevar, Dara, Bhuriya, Solanki, etc.
Living Style: The villages of the Bhil tribe are divided into different parts (Faliya). Their houses are simple and constructed with wood. The outside of the houses is painted with a mixture of cow dung and mud. The roof is made up of either dry grass or indigenous weather tiles. The houses have 3-4 rooms and the floor is formed with mud. They have a separate space for cattle. To store food grains they use a storeroom made of bamboo. Household items include cots, millstones, pestle, bow and arrows, Knives, bedsheets and blankets, clay pots, aluminum utensils. Farming tools include plough, axes, etc. Bow and arrows are found almost in every house, which they carry with them while going to the forest.
Food: They prefer corn chapatis, Udad beans, pigeon pea, and seasonal vegetables. Their nonveg diet contains chicken, fish, goat, wild rabbits, etc.
Clothing and Accessories: The traditional clothing of women is ghagra, choli, and odhni, while men wear a sleeveless vest and small dhoti draped around their waist with a white turban on their head. Women wear a ringlet in their legs (kada), nose pins, hasli necklace, bori on their head, bedla in ears, gujriya and bhariya on their hands, these ornaments are made of silver and brass. Women also wear glass bead necklaces and bangles.
Tattoo: Women have tattoo markings on their forehead, chin, and legs. Men also have different designs of tattoos on their hands.
Festivals: Divasa, Nivayi, Akshay Tritiya, Bhogoriya dance, Lathi dance, Dhol dance, hunting dance, Wedding dance, Holi dance, Diwali dance are some of their main dance festivities. Their festivals are indicative of their beliefs, faith, and traditions. Their main festivals are Holi, Diwaso Diwali, Navratri, Raksha bandhan, etc.
Dance: Bhagoria dance, Marriage dance, and Gheria dance, etc are famous in the Bhil community. On special occasions, they sing Bhagoria and Gheria songs.
Art: Pithora painting, Gaatla, Terracotta art, woodcraft.
Occupation: The main occupation of the Bhil tribe is agriculture and forest farming. Mainly they cultivate maize but Kodo millet, pigeon pea, and urad beans are their side crops. In forest farming they cultivate Mahua, Gulli, and Lac.
Birth rituals: Mostly delivery is done in the house, under the supervision of elder ladies and midwives. Mother drinks the mixture of corn and ghee after delivery. The sixth day after birth is celebrated as 'Chhati'.
Wedding rituals: The average age of marriage for boys is 14-16 years. There are two types of traditions, according to the first one the parents of the boy choose the bride, and according to the second, the boy and girl choose their life partners. In the Bhil community the 'Daaya' or Vadhumulya (literally bride price) or dowry system is well known. Marriage is of five types: Abduction marriage (Mihi Jambu), contract marriage (Gol Gachero), marriage by force (Udari), house-husband marriage (khandariya), marriage by the exchange of brides (Vinimay). Nata or Natra pratha (live-in relationship) is also famous in this community. If the woman is divorced then the first husband has to return 'daaya'.
Death rituals: The cremation ceremony is followed by death and children are buried. The funeral is not done immediately after the death but the funeral food is given to all, which is known as 'Kayantu'. In case of tragic or accidental death, a memorial pillar is erected by the community. Sati (female statue) for women and Gaatha (male statue) for men.
God-Goddesses: Their main God and Goddesses are Kaka, Baliya, Shikovati, Indraj, Simriyon Dev, Bagh Dev, Kalka, Melri and Jogan. They also worship Hindi God and Goddesses.
The total population of Bhil Meena is 2,244 in Madhya Pradesh, which is 0.003 percent of the total population of the state.
Population: The total population of Bhil Meena is 2,244 in Madhya Pradesh, which is 0.003 percent of the total population of the state.
Residence Region: Shivpuri, Morena, Gwalior, Guna, Neemach, Mandsore, Ratlam, Ujjain, Shajapur, Devas, Jhabua, Dhar, Indore, East and West Nimar, Rajgarh, Raisen, Mandla.
Gotra (lineage): Their gotra are Chhabra, Dayra, Parmar, Rathore, Rawat, Solanki, Makwana, etc. Every Kul (genealogy) has its own ancestor tutelary deity (Kuldevi).
Living Style: Bhil Meena people live in mud houses. They are made up of bamboo, indigenous weather tiles. The walls of the houses are plastered with mud. The whitewashing of the house is either done by white or yellow soil. Household items include clay pots, aluminum utensils, farming tools, clothes, musical instruments, storerooms for food grains, etc.
Food: Their main food preference is maize, sorghum, barley, and wheat chapatis, black lentils, pigeon peas, and seasonal vegetables. They are non-vegetarian and prefer chicken, mutton, fish, etc.
Clothes and Accessories: Men wear dhotis and turban and women wear ghagra and odhni. Women are fond of jewelry. They wear a necklace of glass beads, Boriyo on the head, ringlet in their legs, nose rings, and kardona on their waist. They use jewelry of artificial silver.
Tattoos: Women have tattoos on their bodies.
Festivals: Their main festivals are Rakshabandhan, Janmashtami, Navratri, Dussehra, Diwali, Holi, Gol Gadhedi, etc.
Dance: The people of the Bhil Meena community dance on the occasion of marriage, Holi, etc. They sing hymns or psalms while worshiping, wedding songs at weddings, and folk songs on Holi.
Occupation: The main occupation of the Bhil Meena tribe is agriculture. Due to unirrigated fields, they cultivate maize, sorghum, black and green lentils, split pigeon peas, etc.
Birth rituals: In the Bhil Meena community a baby shower ceremony is held when the pregnant lady is in her third trimester. The birth takes place at home under the guidance of elder women and midwives. The umbilical cord is cut by a thin bamboo razor. The mother is given porridge, ladoo of ghee, jaggery, and black lentils, a decoction of dry ginger and pippali. On the seventh day after the birth mother and baby take a bath and pooja is done called 'saava'.
Marriage rituals: The marriage proposal is sent from the groom's family. The average age for marriage of boys is 14-18 years and girl's marriage age is 12-16 years. The groom's father gives vadhu mulya (bride price) to the bride's father in cash and through cattle. The marriage ceremony is first done by the chief of the community. In the Bhil Meena community the Sehpalayan, Vinimay, Sevavivah, Naatra, and Devar-Bhabhi vivah has given importance.
Death rituals: A cremation ceremony is done after the death and the dead body of children is buried. After death, they clean the whole house. Men shave their heads. The funeral food is given on the thirteenth day. Gaatla (memorial pillar) is erected after a sudden or tragic death.
God-Goddesses: The prominent deities of the Bhil Meena tribe are Bhairo Ji, Maata Ji, Naagdev, Shyamla, Shyamla Ji, etc. In the Bhil Meena community, the people who are connected to a religious society are known as 'Bhagat' and the priest is known as 'Badwa'.
The total population of the Bhunjia tribe is 1,469 which is 0.002 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Population: The total population of the Bhunjia tribe is 1,469 which is 0.002 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Residence Region: The Bhunjia people are found in Morena, Gwalior, Panna, Sagar, Satna, Rewa, Shahdol, Sidhi, Ratlam, Ujjain, Devas, Jhabua, Dhar, Indore, East and West Nimar, Barwani, Bhopal, Sehore, Raisen, Betul, Harda, Hoshangabad, Katni, Jabalpur, Chhinwara.
Gotra (lineage) : Their gotra are Badhva, Bokra, Cheeta, Bhainsa, Sonwani, Tekaam, Markaam, Dudh, Sua, etc.
Living Style: A Mother temple is found in their village. They live in 'kaccha' houses which are made up of wood, mud, Kodo, and jute. The roof is built by bushes and indigenous weather tiles. Chauktiya Bhujia people make a different house called, 'Randha Ghar', it's walls are painted with red color. It is also known as 'Red Bangalow', they have a separate kitchen in it. The house is painted with a mixture of cow dung, yellow soil, red soil, and limestone. The floor is abraded, which is daubed by cow dung. The walls of the house are designed with different geometrical shapes, which are called 'Paira'.
Food: Their main preference for food is rice. They like horse gram, black lentils, and vegetables. They soak the leftover cooked rice in water and the next day they make rice gruel (pej) and drink it in lunch. They eat mutton, chicken, hare, and fish.
Clothes and Accessories: Men wear dhoti and vest. Women wear sarees which they call 'lungra'.
Tattoos: The women of the Bhunjia tribe are fond of tattoos and they get tattoos done on their body parts.
Festivals: The main festival of the Bhunjia tribe is Holi, Teeja, Peetar, Navakhani, Dussehra, Diwali, etc. They worship God and Goddesses at special festivals. The mainly worship Village God (Gramdevta), Kuldevta, Thakurdev, Budhimai, Kalakuvar, etc. Their priest or a person who knows about black magic is known as 'Baiga'.
Dance: On the occasion of a wedding the Bhunjia people perform a traditional dance (Vivahnaach). On Diwali, women perform 'fadki' dance, in Bhado (fifth month of the year) men perform Ramsatta dance, and on the occasion of Holi they perform Rehas dance. They sing folk songs like Fadki, dadriya, wedding song, faag, ramsatta, etc.
Occupation: Their main occupation is agriculture and forest farming. They cultivate wheat, Kodo millet, pigeon peas, black and tivra lentils, sesame seeds, etc. From the forest farming they get mahua, gum, east Indian ebony, etc, and sell them in the market.
Birth rituals: The delivery is done under the guidance of elder ladies and midwives. The mother is provided with a decoction of medicinal herbs, and lodoo of sesame seeds, dry ginger, and jaggery. The sixth day after birth is celebrated as 'Chhati' and the baby and mother take a bath on this day. Purification is done by sprinkling milk over the baby and mother.
Wedding rituals: Before a girl starts her menstrual cycle, she gets married to a baad (shaft) and this marriage is known as 'Kaand'. When the girl becomes an adult or reaches the age of 18-20 then she gets married to the groom with a proper traditional ceremony. The boy's family send a marriage proposal. The father of the bride takes all the financial responsibilities of the marriage.
Death Ritual: The dead body is buried in the Bhunjia tribe. On the third day, after cleaning and whitewashing the house everyone takes a bath. Men shave their mustaches and head. On the tenth day, the funeral food is given.
God-Goddesses: The prominent deities of the Bhunjia tribe are Budhadev, Budhimai, Maatidev, Kaana-Mora, Kaalakuvar, Bhainsasur, Thakurdev, Dumadev, etc. They also worship Hindu deities.
The total population of the Biyar tribe is 10,452 which is 0.014 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh
Population: The total population of the Biyar tribe is 10,452 which is 0.014 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Residence Region: In Madhya Pradesh, the Biyar tribe is found in Bhind, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Guna, Satna, Shahdol, Sidhi, Nimach, Indore, Vidisha, Bhopal, Betul, Jabalpur, Dindori, Mandla, Chhindwara.
Gotra (lineage): The gotra of the Biyar tribe is Kanojiya, Sarwaar, Mehto, Kehto, Kashi, Barhar, etc.
Living Style: They live in mud houses, their roof is made up of wooden pillars and indigenous weather tiles. The houses contain 2-3 rooms and a small front courtyard. The walls are painted with white soil and the floor is daubed with cow dung. They have separate rooms for cattle and to store food grains. Household items include millstone, grindstone, clothes, clay pots, utensils, clothes, stoves, and agricultural tools.
Food: Their preferable food items are kodo millets, cooked rice, wheat chapati, black and green lentils, pigeon peas, and seasonal vegetables. They are non-vegetarian and eat chicken, mutton, fish, etc.
Clothes and Accessories: Men wear Panchha, bandi and women wear lungra and polka.
Tattoos: Women get tattoos.
Festivals: Their main festivals are Dussehra, Diwali, Navratri, Sankranti, Holi, etc.
Dance: The people of the Biyar community perform wedding dance at weddings, and rahas dance on Holi.
Their famous folk songs are wedding songs, faag hymns, etc. They narrate work folk tales to children and that's how the folk tales run from generation to generation in their families.
Occupation: Their livelihood depends on agriculture, labor, and forest farming. Their main cultivated crops are kodo millets, wheat, maize, black, green lentils, pigeon peas, sesame, etc. They collect, East Indian ebony, Terminalia chebula, and Amla from the forest and sell them in the local market. In the rainy season, they catch fishes for business.
Birth rituals: The delivery is done in the house by the elder women of the family and local midwives. The umbilical cord is cut by a knife and buried in the place of birth. A decoction of dry ginger, saraichhal, ethi mudi, root of chhind, and jaggery is given to the new mother. The sixth day is celebrated as 'Chhati'.
Death rituals: The average age of marriage for boys is 14-16 and for girls is 12-16 years. The proposal is sent from the groom's family. Groom's father gives money, turmeric, oil, jaggery, etc to the bride's father which is known as 'lagan bharna'. Other important marriages in the Biyar community is remarriage, widow remarriage, and Devar-Bhabhi marriage.
Death rituals: A cremation ceremony is held after death. Ashes (bones) are immersed in the nearest river. On the tenth, after taking a bath, ancestral worship is done and the food is provided to everyone.
God-Goddesses: The prominent deities of the Biyar tribe are Earth goddess Mahadev, Simara, Duladev, Sheetla Mata, Volcano, Bhainsasur, etc. They also worship the Hindu deities.
Their total population has been estimated at 15805, which is 0.22 of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Population: Their total population has been estimated at 15805, which is 0.22 of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Residence Area: Population of Binjhwar Tribe is mainly found in the district of Gwalior, Tikamgarh, Sagar, Rewa, Shahdol,Ujjain, Shajapur, Dewas, Jhabua,Indore, East Nimar, Vidisha, Bhopal, Sehore, Raisen, Betul, Harda, Hoshagabad, Katni, Jabalpur, Dindori, Mandla, Chidwara,Seoni and Balaghat.
Gotra : Their Gotras are padakai, lohi, baadh, karhibadh dodka, naag, dhan, amali, sonwani, sarai bhaisa, bhaura, taad, kamaliya etc.
Living style :The house is made of clay wood in which there is a thatch of native tile. The house usually consists of 2-3 rooms, the walls plastered with white or yellow soil. The floor is of clay, which is plastered daily with cow dung. There is a separate chamber for the animals in their houses, separate chamber of grain, janta, pestle, earthen stove, utensils that are used for making and eating food, agricultural eqiupments, musical instruments etc are found in their houses.
Food habbit: Their main food is kodo, chailka baasi stale, page, seasonal greens bhaji, urad,tuvar, moong dal, wild kadamul fruit, chicken, goat and fish .
Clothing-Jewellery : Women are fond of jewellery, toe ring, santi, girdle in waist, pahunchi in the upper arm, khinawa, wears nose pin in the nose. In the kardhan cloth configuration, the male wears panch badi, and women wear lugda and polka.
Tattoo: Tattooing is found in the legs and feet.
Teej-Festival :The main festivals celebrated by them are Hareli, Pola, Nawakhani, Dussehra, Diwali, Holi etc.
Dance: The people of this tribe perform the karma dance on karma puja, the rahasya on holi, the vihaya dance, on Diwali ramsatta. women perform phadki dance. In Folk song people sing sua songs, dadaria, karma, vihava songs, ramdhuni, phag etc. They use dholak , thali and other musical instruments in dance.
Occupation: The occupation of this tribe is mainly based on the collection of agriculture and forest produce, collection. In cultivation they sow kodo, paddy, twida, urad, moong, arhar, sesame seeds and collect tendupatta , pickle, harra , gum honey in forest produce which is sold in the local market. Before they used to hunt, now they do not hunt due to restrictions. They catch fish for their use during the rainy season.
Birth Rituals : The birth of a child is performed by the midwife at the child's house. The baby’s umbilical cord is cut with a grassy panchi or blade and then it is put in the pit which is dug in the house by the Nara. They feed laddoo made of dry ginger, jaggery, ajwain,ghee, pepper to the mother. Sixth day is celebrated as chatti..
Marriage Rituals : The marriage age of the boys is considered to be between 14-16 years. The marriage proposal is usually from the groom's side. The groom's father is given rice, lentils, jaggery ,oil, turmeric, coconut and some cash in the form of 'Suk Bharna'. Marriage completes in four rituals, bhagani, faldaan, vihav and gowana. Among them, includes widow remarriage, husnabd staying at wives house and marriage between brother in law and sister in law is also prevelant.
Death Ritual On death, this tribe has the custom of burying the dead body of the deceased. On the third day, close relatives, men of the family shave the hair of their beard, mustache, head.On the tenth day, dashakaram work takes place in which after bath ancestors are worshipped and death feast is organized after bathing.
Gods and Goddesses: The binjhwar tribe traditionally worship goddesses, Thakur dev, Budadev,Ghatwalin, Dulhadeva, Kariya, Ghuruya, Bhainsasur, Satbahenia, Mata etc. Apart from this, they also worship all the gods and goddesses of Hinduism.
The total population of this tribe in M.P is estimated at only 52.
Population: The total population of this tribe in M.P is estimated at only 52.
Residential Area :The population of Birhor tribe is found in the district of Gwalior, Dewas, Indore, Rajgarh, Bhopal, Sehore, Raisen, Jabalpur of M.P.
Gotra: The main gotra prevalent in it are as follows - Induar, Sonial , Gatiya, Kachua, Barah, Totimar, Sonvani, Topvar, Suiya etc. are the main ones. The gotras are Bahivrivahi.
Living style : Generally, they do not make their habitat in villages. In other words, we can say that they do not have villages. They build their huts in open places outside the village of other tribes. Their hut group is also called kumbha or padav. Birhor calls it tanda. It is made from the leaves of a sal tree or other tree.
Food habit: The main food item of Birhor is Mahua. Apart from this, the staple foods are rice, pej of kodo, urad dal, wild kandmool and seasonal greens, bhaji. In meat they eat chickens, goat, fish, crab, etc.
Clothing-Jewellery : Birhor men wear kopni, which are worn like small dhotis. Women wear lugda. Apart from this, they wear glass bangles,earings in their ears, rings.
Tattoo: Tattooing is dear to women.
Teej-Festival: The mains festival are Nawakhani, Dussehra,Sarhul, Karma,Sohari and Phagua.
Dance : People of Virhor tribe perform karma, phagua, bihav dance. Apart from this, during the festival of Karma and Jeetiya , Lubhari dance is performed. The Jarga dance, sauhanthari dance is also performed during other festivals on the occasion of fagua and sirhul. Among the folk songs Karamagit, suaagit, vihagat etc are the main folk songs. The main musical instruments are mandal, dhol, dufli, timki etc.
Occupation : Rope making is Birhor's main occupation. Birhor also make nets, broom, khappar, bowl, mat and basket.
Birth Rituals: The Birhor tribe follow a different tradition of childbirth. A pregnant woman gives birth to a child in the lap of nature under a tree in the forest. They believe that nature bears witness to the birth of a child. The baby is delivered by a midwife. The child's umbilical cord is cut with the bass scab. After birth, the mother and newborn are brought to a new hut. then Chatti is celebrated on the sixth day of the birth.
Marriage Ritual: In Birhor tribe the age of boys is 17-18 years and that of girls is 12-16 years of age are considered eligible for marriage. There is no inter-marriage between Jaghi birhor and utahlu birhor. The initial marriage talks take place on behalf of the boys. There are three types of marriages in them, biha, udaria, churhiya. When the bride is liked for the marriage on behalf of her parents, the groom is sent for the final decision. After this, by carrying forward the talk by both sides, the work of the fruition is carried out by both the sides in which 50 kilos of rice,lai,murra and some clothes are given to the girl and her mother. At this time, the date for the marriage is fixed. Usually, marriage takes place in the month of magh and phalgun. In Birhor the fera program takes place either in the morning, or in the evening at godhuli bella. In this tribe, when a woman becomes a widow, her brother-in-law takes her as wife by offering her bangles in front of the community.
Death Ritual: Bamboo Pier is prepared for the death ceremony. The dead person's body is kept on it and brought to the crematorium. The pit of 5ft is dug, in which the body of the dead person is kept in such a way that the head is towards the north and the feet are towards the south. First his son puts mud in that corpse, then the people participating in the last journey put mud in it. The tomb is then bridged. Grains are thrown on it. On the death of a child, he is buried under the Mahua tree. After the deeds of the deceased, birhor takes a bath and returns home. According to the tradition, after three days, all the people of the family of the deceased gather together and perform the ritualistic deeds and then feed the entire village on 11th day of death.
God and Goddesses: The chief deity of the Birhor tribe is sun. Apart from this budi mata, mari, mai, ancestor mountains,trees etc are worshiped.
Total population is estimated at 1815, which is 0.002 percent of the total population of the state.
Population:Total population is estimated at 1815, which is 0.002 percent of the total population of the state.
Residential area: In M.P this tribe is mainly found in the district of Jhabua,Ratlam,Dhar, Mandsaur.The Population of damor tribe in Madhya Pradesh is found in district Gwalior, Shivpuri, Guna, Panna, Sagar,Satna, Shahdol, Sidhi, Neemuch, Mandsaur, Ratlam, Ujjain, Shajapur, Dewas, Jhabua, Dhar, Indore, West Nimar, East Nimad, Rajgarh, Vidisha, Bhopal, Sehore Raisen, Katni, Jabalpur Mandla, Chindwara.
Gotra: Some of the main clans (gotra) are as follows- Kul, Damor, Parmar, Sisodia, Rathod, Chauhan, Solki,Baria etc. belong to High Damor and Kul khar, Pagi, Patela, Sartiya, Patharia, Pujara, Ujela, Taral, Katara, Bamaria, Mogha etc. belong to lower damor. Each clan has a separate kuldevi.
Living Style: Most of their houses are kaccha house. They Build a wall with Tuare's Khareda. They put wood on its side and plaster it with mud and cow dung. The wooden poles are made for the roof above, there are wooden poles on them and then they spread the wooden bars on the poles. They then plaster it with the clay rag of tuvar’s khareda. Before constructing the house,pillar is erected and is worshiped. The utensils used by them in the house are of wood and clay. To make dough, they use wooden tawdi, handi and haadli for making lentils, toondi to extract water, clay griddle, bamboo drums to keep grain. Presently aluminium, brass and steel utensils have become popular.
Food habits: Their main food meal is maize, joyar roti, urad dal,seasonal vegetables on occasion of festivals. They eat meat of chicken, goat and fish.
Clothes-Jewellery: Women of Damor tribe often wear jewellery made of silver gilet metal etc. Women wear many ornaments to decorate the body from head to toe like bore (on the forehead), sikdi, jhumka, kanta, taagli, galsad bohata, kadle, payal, bakala. Tuda, beasudi etc are the main ones. Men wear sakal (like earring) in the ear, bracelet in hands. The men tie a saafa on the head. The special ensemble is the high dhoti, kurta and safa. The special dress worn by women is choli, odhni and ghagra.
Tattoo: There is the custom of tattooing in Damor tribe.
Teej – Festivals: Some festivals (fairs) of Damor tribe- Divasa (celebrated in the month of June), Rakhi, Novai, Navratri, Dussehra, Diwali, Bhagoria, etc. are the main one. Divasa festival is celebrated in the month of June in Damor tribe. On this day, they collectively worship the Gods and Goddesses. While worshiping, the head of the village prays to the deity "ohbabadev, come soon to protect us”, after this all the villagers dance and sing songs all night. The novai festival is celebrated during the cultivation of a new crop. All the family members gather on the farm. At the same time khichdi of new grains is cooked with new grains which is then offered to the Gods. The belief in this festival is that a good crop cannot be obtained without the grace of the deities. Good crops are possible only by the mercy of gods. Similarly, Navaratri, which is celebrated by the Damor tribe is called Jawara. The Goddess is worshiped for nine days. On the first night, the bhajankirtan is to be sung and the jware are sown. On the last day, the women take the jware in their head and take them and immerse them in the river. Festival of dussehra, diwali and cow goyry, bhagoria etc. are celebrated in a big way.
Dance: The people of the Damor tribe perform garbi during navratri, bhagoria on holi, vivvah dance in marriage. Garba, lagan, phag etc are the main folk songs. Their main musical instruments are dhol, madal, morli etc.
Occupation: The main occupation of the Damor tribe is farming, labour, wild produce collection, animal husbandry. In agriculture they mainly sow maize, jowar, tuvar, peanuts etc. In the wild areas they collect mahua, gulli, gum, honey etc. Presently, some people of Damor tribe are also joining different types of businesses like grocery stores, poultry , small and cottage industries under government assistance.
Birth Ritual: Delivery is performed at home by the elderly women of the local household and by the Midwifes. After delivery, they cut the umbilical cord with an arrow or knife and bury it in the pit of the house. The mother is given medicine made of peepal, dry ginger,sooth, jaggery, black pepper etc. The rites are performed on the seventh or ninth day of delivery. The child and maternity purification baths are given. Whole house is painted.
Marriage Ritual - In the Damor tribe, the age of marriage is considered to be 13–16 for boys and 12–15 years for girls. Marriage is proposed from the groom's side. In marriage, the groom's party pay cash to the bride's family which is called 'Dapa'. People from the groom’s side come to bride’s house with a marriage procession. Among them, exchange, service, cohabitation, infiltration, natara marriage is also the matrimonial method recognized by the society.
Death Ritual: On death the dead body is burnt. The ashes are immersed in the Narmada or nearby river. They purify home by milling it with cow dung. On the 13th day , they worship their God and then offer food to the community.
God and Goddesses: The main deities are Mahadev, Dakorji, Keshariaji, ,Kuverji, Kalka Mata, Pawagad wali Ma, Ambaji, Sheetala mata etc. Apart from this, all the deities of Hindu religion are also worshiped.
The total population has been estimated at 2175, which is 0.003 percent of the total population of the state.
Population : The total population has been estimated at 2175, which is 0.003 percent of the total population of the state.
Residential Area: Population of Dhanvar tribe is found in the district of Morena, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Chhatarpur, Sagar, Satna, Rewa, Shahdol,Sidhi, Neemuch, Ratlam, Ujjain, Dewas, Jhabua,Dhar, Indore, Barwani, Paschim Nimad, Rajgarh, Vidisha, Bhopal, Sehore, Raisen, Betul, Hoshangabad, Jabalpur Narsinghpur, Dindori, Mandla,Chidwara ,Seoni and Balaghat.
Gotra Some of the major gotras found in them are - Kamro, Marai, Uike,Urre etc.
Living style: The houses are generally made of mud, the roof of which is of grass and native tilesS. Worshiping is done before and after the construction of the house. This worship is done by the village priest . The house usually consists of two rooms. There is a separate room for tying the cattle. Dhanvar people call it Kudpu. Among the household items, the clay griddle pan made for making roti, the matki made from the clay for making vegetables which is called doksi and scaffolding are made to keep water pots etc. These people call grain storage gandhar. Their household items are clothes, kitchen utensils, agricultural equipments etc.
Food habbit: Their main food items are kodo, rice, stale page, seasonal vegetables, urad, moong , gulthi dal. They eat meat of fish, chicken and goat.
Clothes and Jewellery: Women make hair bun (Juda) and wear lugda polka. Men wear pacha badi. Women wear bangles in hand and arms, sutiya sura in the neck , nose pin in nose, and studs in the ear.
Tattoo: Women have tattoos in their feet and hands.
Teej – Festivals: Hareli, Pola, Pitar, Nawakhani, Dussehra, Diwali, Holi etc are their major festivals.
Dance: The people of the Dhanwar tribe dance by playing the madal dholki, and the thali. In this tribe, men and women dance together. All the Men, women and girls dance while singing karma songs. They dance with rhythm. In accordance with the beat of dholak, their rhythm changes with every beat. Some even dance while singing songs. At the time of dance, they sing and dance by playing drums, mandals, thalis etc. Marriage consists of songs and dances. During holi, women dance in rahas and padki dance on diwali. Other folklore are dadaria, ramsatta etc.
Occupation: Dhanvar tribe rely mainly on agriculture, wild produce collection, hunting, etc for the livelihood. Their main crop is paddy, jowar, kodo, kutki, udad, maize, flaxseed, tueretc. .They collect mahua, chaar, tendupatta, harra, honey etc. from the forest to sell.
Birth Ritual: A knowledgeable female person from the village is called at the time of childbirth. The day after the child is born, or on the same day, his or her umbilical cord slit is cut with Hasia or sharp tools. 5-10 kg of paddy, pulses and cash are given to the midwife. The mother is fed jaggery.
Marriage Ritual: – In Dhanwar tribe marriage does not take place in same gotra. The boy's parents go to the girl's family with marriage proposal. If people from both sides agree for marriage, then the engagement is fixed. Jaggery is distributed during the engagement ceremony. Then a goat is killed, which is fed to the people from both sides and some people and relatives of the village. After the engagement, the boy goes to offer rice, pulses, jaggery, oil, turmeric, cash and clothes in the form of “sukh bharna” to the girl’s side. The entire marriage is performed by the village priest. The marriage is mainly completed in four stages. After engagement, fruit donation, marriage rounds, the procession comes back to the village with the bride. In the village, the groom brings the bride home after worshiping the village deity, kul devi. In Dhanvar tribe cohabitation, widow marriage, remarriage is also accepted.
Death Ritual: The deceased is burnt at the time of death. “Duskarma” work is done on the tenth day by cleaning the house. On this day, ancestors are worshiped and food is served to relatives.
Gods and Goddesses: In this tribe Budhadeva, Thakur Deva, Budhi mata, Kuldevi , Moon, Sun, bird, mountain etc are worshiped.
The total population of Gadwa tribe is estimated to be 578, which is 0.001 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Population: The total population of Gadwa tribe is estimated to be 578, which is 0.001 percent of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
Residential Area: Population of Gadba tribe is found in the district of Gwalior, Tikamgarh ,Chhatarpur, Sagar, Damoh, Satna, Rewa,Umaria, Shahdol, Sidhi, Mandsaur, Ratlam, Ujjain, Shajapur, Dewas, Jhabua, Dhar, Indore, West Nimar, East Nimad, Bhopal, Raisen, Betul, Harda, Hoshagabad ,Jabalpur, Mandla, Chindwada and Balaghat.
Gotra:The main gotras prevalent in this tribe are kukarvansh, nagpoos, kuraiya etc.
Living style: Their house is slum-like which is of grassy and tiled, each house has a courtyard. On the one hand, there is cooking room and on the other space for the cow and ox . On the side of the main gate, there is a stone mill (Jat) to grind paddy. Domestic articles consist of mud drums for storing grains, clothes to be worn, utensils for cooking, agricultural equipments, gaiti, shovel, kudali, bakhar, axe etc. Apart from these there are also fishing nets.
Food habbit: Their staple food is rice, kod, kutki. Along with this, they eat gram, arhar, urad, lentils and seasonal vegetables. They also eat flesh of fish, goat, chicken etc..
Clothes and Jewllery: Women wear jewellery made of gilet and aluminum. In clothes, the man wears dhoti, gamchha, saluka, kameez, bundi, women saree, lugda and polka.
Tattoo: Tatoos are found on the hands and feet of women.
Teej – Festivals: Gadba tribe also has its own separate festivals like - Omush (month of August) that gives medicines to animals. The goat is gifted on behalf of Churai which they eat. Dhanava(September) is celebrated when the new crop is ready. During diwali, animals are fed khichdi . The most important festival of the Gadba tribe is the 'Amanwa' (Chaitra month,) which is celebrated during mango season. It is celebrated with joy.
Dance Their main folk dance include marriage dance, holi dance and folk songs in wedding songs, Goddess songs. Apart from this, people of Gadba tribe have their own hobby of cock fighting which is celebrated in June, parva churai is celebrated during diwali. On this occasion, all the boys of the village sing and dance all through day and night.
Occupation : The main occupation of the Gadba tribe is agriculture, food collection, and forest produce. In cultivation, crops of paddy, maize, tili, urad, kodo, jowar, etc. are grown. Those who do not have land for agriculture, they work on the fields of other land holders. In forest produce various types of kadamul, fruit, mahua, bass root, kanda etc are collected and eaten by themselves . Gum tendupatta, kosa are collected and then sold.
Birth Ritual: At the time of delivery, the woman is shifted to one of the rooms or corners of the house. At this time the lady of the house/village is called. At the time of delivery, the woman is laid on the ground. At this time there is only a wise woman there. After childbirth, the baby's umbilical cord is cut by the midwife, which is buried in the hole dug up there. After this, the child is bathed with lukewarm water and put to sleep near the mother.
Marriage Ritual :Marriage is a main rite found in the Gadwa tribe. This is accomplished by the opinion of parents and village heads . In this, the boy's and girl’s desire is not given any importance. Marriage is generally performed in the month of Chaitra - Vaishakh. First the boy (groom's party) goes to the girl (bride's party). They come home after erecting badgi at the girl’s house, goes again the next day. If Badgi is still found standing then the marriage is fixed, and if it falls, there will be no talk of marriage. After 12 days of fixing marriage, groom’s father takes 12 bottles of local wine and goes to bride’s house. In the form of dowry, there is a custom of giving about one sack of rice, 30 khandi dhaan, one goat, one pig etc on behalf of the groom’s party. The ritual of marriage is performed under the supervision of the head of the tribe. Widow marriage is also prevalent.
Death Ritual : On death, they bury the deceased. Along with the body they keep his clothes, salt, jaggery. After that the fish is boiled at the same place with whose water, all the people wash their hands in turn, then a bath is organized after the 9 days. Everyone takes a bath. then death banquet is given.
God and Goddesses: Village Diety Dharni Devi (abode on Banyan tree,) Rasdevi (invisible), Gudi Mata. The present day Gadba tribe is influenced by Hindu culture.
||Gond, arakh, arrakh, agaria, asur, bada maria, bhatola bhimma, bhuta, koilabuta, koliabhuti, bhar, bisonhorn maria, chota maria, dandami maria, dhuru, dhurwa, dhoba, dhulia, dorla, gaiki, gatta, gatti, gaita, gond, gowari, hill madia, maria, mana, mannewar, moghya, mogia monghya, mudia, muria, nagarchi, nagwanshi, ojha, raj, sonjhari, jhareka, thatia, thotya, wade maria, vade maria, daroi
Gond tribe's population is calculated to be at 5093124 approximately, which is 7.013% of state's population.
POPULATION- Gond tribe's population is calculated to be at 5093124 approximately, which is 7.013% of state's population.
RESIDENTIAL AREA - Gond tribe resides in vindhya, satpura district, on the banks of narmada river, Madhya Pradesh, That is to say, they mainly live in Mandala, Dindori, Balaghat, Shahdol, Umariya, chhindwara, Seoni, Betul, Jabalpur, Hoshangabad, Harda, Raisen, Seedhi, Panna, Sagar, Damoh, Satna, Khandwa, Sehore, Narsinghpur, etc. Their population is less in other districts of the state.
GOTRA- Their main gotras are kurram, netam, markam, maravi, bhalavi, saryam, karyam, sirsaam, Uika, usendi, ghurva, parteti, porte, marskole, etc. There are totems found of their gotra.
LIFESTYLE- People of the Gond tribe usually make their accommodation near forests, mountains, banks of river or valleys. They make their house themselves with the help of their family. They especially lay the foundation of their house on Sunday, Thursday and Friday, and that place is duly worshipped. The house commonly has one or two rooms. The roof is made of thatch and tiles. After plastering the floor and the walls with cow dung it is then painted with white and yellow soil. The aspects which affect their lives can also be seen through the paintings that is painted on the walls and the doors. They enter their house after worshipping the God-Goddess. The House has one main room, which has a God's place, grain warehouse, and a place for clothes etc. The hut has a kitchen, stove, and a place for utensils. A stand is made in the courtyard for establishing a water pot on it. Mortar, pestle, grinding stone, etc., household tools are commonly found in the hut. Equipment of farming and agriculture such as Axe, spade, sickle etc., Hunting equipment such as Arrow, halberd, hanging trap, sling, fishnet etc., household equipment can be seen inside their homes.
FOOD HABITS- Rice-dal, kondo, kutki rice and Paige, wheat, sorghum, pearl millet tortilla etc. are their main foods. Fruits of mahua and oil of gulli are used to make different kinds of dishes.
CLOTHES AND JEWELLERY- In jewelry paidi (heavy anklet made of silver), pairpatti in the foot, waist chain in the waist, bangles in the wrist, aithi, karna, guletha, pahunchi in arms, a necklace made of thread in the neck, surda, khinwa in ears, earrings, phuli(nose pin) in the nose, khochni in hair etc. are their main jewellry. Most of the jewelry is made of silver and nickel. Men wear a silver bracelet in the wrist, mohar(a necklace made of a coin) in neck and earring. In the gond community, colourful clothes are worn not only for decoration but for security purpose as well. Pancha, dhoti to the knee, bandi(jacket), shirt, pichora in
the neck, muretha on the head are all worn by men. Women wear sarees of 6-8 yards.
TATTOO - The women of this tribe wear tattoos on their hands, feet, and face.
FESTIVALS -Their festivals, hareli, pola, nawakhani, Dussehra, Diwali, juara, jiroti, vidari pooja, Holi, nawakhani, juara, bhujaliya etc. are celebrated with great zeal in traditional ways.
DANCE-In gond tribe, men and women participate in dances such as karma, Saila on Diwali, rahas holi dance on holi, and jhumar reena etc. While performing these dances, colourful clothes and accessories are worn by both men and women. Their folk songs that are performed on various occasions are Karma Reena, suageet,dadaria, raag vivaah (marriage), geet seehar and so on. Their main folk instruments are mandal, timki,manjira, kharaab, chutki, jhanjh etc. Farce drama is staged.
OCCUPATION- Earlier gond tribe's main occupation was farming through traditional ways and collecting forest products. The sub-caste of this tribal community Ojha does work such as dance and tattoo on making. Gond gowari caste does work of feeding cattle. Nagarachi caste plays musical instruments. Tendu, achaar, harra, bahera, mahua, gulli etc are collected and stored along with root vegetables and honey.
BIRTH RITUAL- Childbirth or delivery is usually supervised by any older lady or a midwife. On the sixth day of the child's birth, sister-in-law shows the pole star to the mother and child through the shade of the supa. Mother and infant take God's blessings after a bath.
MARRIAGE RITUAL- marriage ceremony, people of gond community marry outside their gotra. This community has a tradition of dowry(which is called 'vadhu mulya'). Marriage takes place between maternal uncle's and paternal aunt's children. Age of marriage in girls is 12-16 years and in boys is 14-18. For marriage,boys look for hard work, work efficiency, and physical fitness in girls and boys, instead of colour and beauty. The marriage proposal is given by the boy's family. The groom's father gives grain, dal, oil, jaggery and cash as expenses to the bride's father. When the marriage procession (baraat) (groom's family and relatives) reaches bride's village after all the marriage rituals such as mangani(matchmaking), sagai(engagement), phaldan, lagun etc., the whole baraat takes rest under the shadow of a tree. After that, people of the bride's side go to the border of the village to welcome the baraat, And then the baraat is taken to the janvasa (place for staying of a marriage party) in the village. Samdhi milan, barjodi(ring ceremony), dwarchar, mangalgaan etc. Ceremonies are then completed. Bride's maternal uncle and aunt take her in their lap. Bride's brother spills water on her feet, and the bride's maternal uncle and aunt drink that, and touch her feet. After that kanyadan, chadav(donation), sindoordaan etc. Rituals take place. In this community, the bride's parents can't (are not allowed to)see the bhanwar ceremony. After this ceremony bride and groom's(and baraat) vidai ceremony takes place. And the Girl and the Baraat are sent off by giving blessings to the bride and groom and by remembering the deities. Bride's brother washes her face and gives her water. After that baraat leaves for groom's village. After, The arrival in the in-laws' house, The bride's welcome is full of gaiety. Bride's muh (face)dikhai, dwaar (door) chhikai, kangan khelna, haldi chhudawan(washing turmeric)etc. ceremonies are completed. Chadh marriages(proper Hindu marriage), Lamesena marriages(in this marriage, groom starts living in his in-laws' house before marriage), palaayan(exodus) marriages, widow marriages are also prevalent in this tribe.
FUNERAL - The Gond tribe usually does not believe in rebirth. But many rituals are performed for the deceased, which confirm the recognition of rebirth. The concept of heaven, hell and the fruit of karma is also eroded. Devyoni (becoming God, getting God's life), pretyoni (becoming a ghost) is recognized, and it is decided based on the deeds of the previous life of the deceased. The Gond tribe has a belief that even after death, the soul's love for the family and house remains. Therefore, where the body is kept for rest on the way in the last journey, There the plum and acacia bush is suppressed by stone. The reason behind it is, that, they believe if the dead soul wants to come back home, then he/she gets trapped in bushes. The deceased is duly cremated in the fire. The kids are buried. On the third day, mundan(men of the deceased's family get bald), cleaning of the house is done and family members take bath. On the 10th-day and 13th-day, dashkaram and death-feast take place respectively.
GODS AND GODDESSES- Their main deities are-Badadev (God of the Earth and destruction), Narayan Dev, Dhamsen Dev Muthiya Dev, Thakur Dev, Kher Mai (Devi) (village protector), Banjaran Mai, Sharda Mai, Budhi Mai, Shetala Mai, Bhairo Dev, dulha Dev, Jogani Mai, kankalin Mai etc.
The total population of Halba tribe is estimated at 4438 which is 0.020% of the total population of Madhya Pradesh
POPULATION - The total population of Halba tribe is estimated at 4438 which is 0.020% of the total population of Madhya Pradesh.
RESIDENTIAL AREA - The people of halba tribe are found in districts such as Morena, Gwalior, Datia, Shivpuri, Guna, Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur, Panna, Sagar, Damoh, Satna, Rewa, Umaria, Shahdol, Seedhi, Neemach, Mandsaur, Ratlaam, Ujjain, Shajapur, Devas, Jhabua, Dhar, Indore, Pashchim Nimaad, Badhvani, Poorvi Nimaad, Rajgarh, Vidisha, Bhopal, Sehore, Raisen, Betul, Harda, Hoshangabad, Katni, Jabalpur, Narsinghpur, Dhindori, Mandala, Chhindwara.
Gotra- Rawat, rana, chaurka, chanaav, orsa, bhandari, bhoyar, bhedia, mahala, dharat, maankar, Naik, peesda, Chaudhary kashyap, dhangun, ledia,karpaal, saharay, kothari, manjhi, samarath, naag, isda, bhesara etc. are their main gotras.
LIFESTYLE- The shape of the villages is located in a rectangular, circular form. The Street is in the heart of the village, with mud houses on either side or on one side.On top of which there is a tile or a native roof.They build their own homes. They are also inhabited by the tribals of Gond, Bhatra, Muria, etc.Generally, the house has two or three rooms. There is a evacuation door behind the house where cows, bulls and other animals live. Women of halba tribe pay a lot of attention to the cleanliness of the house.
FOOD HABITS- Their main food is rice, kodo, dal vegetables with kutki rice, and baasi and page, they make tortillas in night. They eat chicken, fish, and mutton in non veg.
CLOTHES AND JEWELLERY- Men wear dhoti, patka, bundi and saluka. Young men wear kurta pajamas, pant and shirts. Women wear saree, blouse. Men tie the paga on their heads.
TATTOO- Women wear tattoos on their hands and foot. Which contains many types of designs.
FESTIVALS- Women of halba tribe keep fasts of ekadshi and mahashivratri.They celebrate festivals such as Pola, hareli, nawakhani, rakshabandhan, diwali etc.They celebrate many festivities with feasts like Bijja, Madai, Dussehra, Holi etc. are the main festivals.
DANCE- Many folk songs and folk dances, bhajans are prevalent in the Halba tribe. Dramas are also played. At first Karma dance was very prevalent in Halba Tribe, but is no longer celebrated with so much joy. At the time of Holi, Diwali, marriage and Dev Pujan, Rahas or Ramsata etc. dance are performed. They also sing rahas songs, gaura songs and mata seva songs sung at the time of rahas dance. Boys and girls also ask question and answers to each other in folk songs. Ramlila play is played during Navratri days.
OCCUPATION- In addition to agricultural work, collection of wild produce is also done in halba tribe. In their fields, they sow paddy, tuar, urad, moong, tilli, chana, tidwa, kutki etc. This tribe also performs the work of breaking or grinding chivada.
BIRTH RITUAL- Childbirth happens only at the husband's house. Delivery is done under the supervision of the older women of the family and the midwife. After delivery, the baby's umbilical cord is cut with a blade. The child is then wiped with lukewarm water. This work is done by the midwife. The umbilical cord is buried in the place of birth by digging a pit. They give kasa water (the root of the purhar, the ginger, the basil leaves) to the new mother for three days. Then laddoos made of moong (green gram) or arhar dal (pigeon peas)and ghee, celery, pepper, jaggery etc. are given to the new mother. Other important works are done after the fall of the baby's umbilical cord.
MARRIAGE RITUAL-In Halba tribe people from same gotra don't marry each other. The boy's father goes to the girl's father to arrange their marriage. If they like the girl, they fix the date of phaldan. They don't believe in dowry system. Boy's father goes to girl's house with his family and relatives from village on the fixed date for phaldan. Glass bangles, saree, blouse, coconut, sweets, turmeric, betel nut etc are given to the girl. Wedding date is fixed. Grain and oil are given to bride's father from the groom's side. Wedding rituals are completed by a man called either bhandari Or joshi from their own community.The Groom wears dhoti, kurta, sut in the neck, and pagdi on his head at the time of wedding. Bride wears lugda. Six rounds of fire are performed at the bride's house and left one at the groom's house. In this tribe sehpalayan (eloping together), ghuspaith(spying), ghar Jamai, and widow marriage is also prevalent.
FUNERAL- The dead are burned in halba tribe.But Kids are buried after their death. On the third day teesra is done. On the tenth day of death dashkaram is done. On this day family members(usually men) get bald and the village ladies take off the bangles of the widow. On this very day, whole village and family is offered food. Home is purified by worshiping it.
GODS AND GODDESSES- Halba tribe have a lot of faith in God. They all believe in Hindu religion. They worship Hindu Gods with their kul(clan)Gods, and celebrate festivals. Their main Gods are -
1 Gram dev(village God).
2kul dev(family God).
Village Gods are worshipped by everyone in the village. In them dulha dev, thakur dev, dhurva mata, devla,kankalin mata, shankar Lord, hanuman etc. are worshipped. In Halba tribe, there are some kuldevi devta as well. Those are worshipped by people from one gotra and family. In them dulha dev is worshipped in every three years. Goat is sacrificed in the rituals. Gusai, pusai, kunwardev, mauli mata are their main gods.
Their total population is estimated to be only 666, that is 0.001% of the State's population.
POPULATION- Their total population is estimated to be only 666, that is 0.001% of the State's population.
RESIDENTIAL AREA- In Madhya Pradesh the kamar tribe resides in Shivpuri, Dindori, Balaghat, Shahdol, Umariya, chhindwara, Seoni, Betul, Jabalpur, Hoshangabad, Harda, Raisen, Seedhi, Panna, Sagar, Damoh, Satna, Sehore, Narsinghpur,Bhopal, vidisha etc.
GOTRA- In this tribe jagat, markam, netam, saadi, murai, chediha, and kunjam etc, gotras are prevalent.
LIFESTYLE- House of kamar tribe are made of grass , wood, and soil. Their is an entrance door in the house. That door is made of either wood or bamboo. Roof is made of native tiles. Walls are plastered in white soil. Floor is made of soil, then plastered with cow dung. Household tools are Grain warehouse, bamboo box, supa, mat, utensils of soil, bamboo, tools for making utensils, clothes, farming equipment, arrow and bow, fish net etc are found in every house.
FOOD HABITS- Their main food is rice, kodo's page, baasi, green gram, and yellow dal and seasonal vegetables, chicken and fish in non veg.
CLOTHES AND JEWELLERY- They wear jewellery of fake silver. Men wear panchha (small dhoti), bundi, saluka, and women wear lungda polka.
TATTOO- Women have tattoos on their hands and feet.
FESTIVALS- Their festivals are-hareli, pora, nawakhai, dussehra, chherchhera, holi etc.
DANCE- kamar women dance sua dance on Diwali. On occasions such as marriage, men and women dance together. Men dance traditional dance on Diwali and holi.
OCCUPATION- This tribe's main occupation is making supa from bamboo and selling it, hunting, fishing, traditional farming and collecting wild produce. Their main farming products are kodo, dhan, urad, moong etc. Their main income is collecting wild products. They collect mahua, tendu, saalbeej, bamboo chironji, gaund, anwla etc. By selling them they buy important things such as food and clothing. Some kamar people even sell honey and medicinal plants.
BIRTH RITUAL - Delivery is done at home. In this tribe, if a boy is born then with an arrow and if girl is born then bamboo peel is used to cut the umbilical cord. The umbilical cord is then burried at the place of birth. On the sixth day, mother and child are bathed with lukewarm water. After that oil and turmeric are applied on their bodies.
MARRIAGE RITUAL- In kamar tribe age of marriage is 18-19 for boys and 16-17 for girls. Marriage between kids of uncle and aunt are prefered. Marriage proposal is given by groom's side. When marriage is fixed, bride's side of family gets rice, dal, cash money from groom's side as vadhudhan. Ghar Jamai marriage is also prevalent. Ghuspaith and sehpalayan are accepted after community punishment. Widow remarriage is valid. A Widow can marry her brother- in-law.
FUNERAL- Dead body is burried after death. Teejnahavan happens on the third day, in which men of house get bald and Clean shaved. House is cleaned and family members apply turmeric on some parts of their bodies after bathing. On thirteenth day death feast hosted.
GODS AND GODDESSES - Their main Gods are -rachna, dhurva, budhadev, thakur dev, dulha dev, badi mata, manjhali mata, chhoti mata, budhi mai, dharti maya etc. Pogri devta(kuldevata), mangar maati(forefather's village and soil of home), gataduma(ancestors) are also worshipped.
||Kawar, kanwar, kaur, cherwa, rathia, tanwar, chattri
Their total population is 18603, which is 0.026 % of MP's total population
POPULATION-Their total population is 18603, which is 0.026 % of MP's total population.
RESIDENTIAL AREA - Kanwar tribe lives in sheopur, morena, bhind, gwalior, datia, shivpuri, guna, tikamgarh, chhatarpur, sagar, damoh, satna, reeva, umariya, shahdol, seedhi, neemach, Ujjain, devas, Indore, mandsaur, ratlaam, jhabua, dhar, pashchim Nimaad, badhwani, puriv Nimaad, rajgarh, vidisha, bhopal, sehore dhindori, mandala, raisen, betul, harda, hoshangabad, katni, jabalpur, narsinghpur, chhindwara, balaghat etc.
GOTRA- Kanwar tribe has gotras such as badhwa, wichhi, wilwa, bokra, chandrama, chanwar, cheetah, chuwa, dhanguru, dhenki, govra, janta, khumri, lodha, sua, nahana, bhesa, kodia, dudh, soan, pakhar, bhandari, dahriya etc.
LIFESTYLE- Their homes are build of soil. Native tiles or grass is used for making the roof. There are four to five rooms in the house. One room is for kitchen and worshipping. There is a kothi or warehouse beside the kitchen. In which grain is stored. Walls are painted with white or yellow soil. There is a different room for animals. Bed(khat), soil, copper, aluminum utensils, farming equipment, axe, etc and hunting equipment are found in house as well.
FOOD HABITS - Their main foods are rice, and kodo, baasi page, urad, arhar dal, and seasonal vegetables. In non veg they eat fish, mutton and chicken.
CLOTHES AND JEWELLERY- Men commonly wear dhoti and shirt, women wear cotton saree, polka, young girls wear lehenga, blouse. They love wearing jewellery as well. Men wear rings and bangles, women wear bangles, kakni, ainthi, nagmori in arms, pahunchi, suta in neck, necklace, sutwa in ears, khinwa, phuli in nose, kardhan (waist chain) in waist, and pair saanri in feet.
TATTOO- Women have tattoos in hand, feet and arms.
FESTIVALS- Main festivals- haryali, janmaashtami, pola, teeja, nawakhani, dussehra, diwali etc.
DANCE- In kanwar tribe karmanritya, suanaach, bhojali dance, ramsatta etc. Dance are prevalent. Women sing suageet, Maujaligeet, men sing faag, devi sevageet etc.
OCCUPATION- Their main occupation is farming. In agriculture, grain, kodo, til, tiwra, moong, urad etc. are produced. Collecting wild product is also part of their earnings. They collect mahua, tendupatta, maahulpatta, achar goand, harra etc.
BIRTH RITUAL- Delivery is done at home by an elderly lady or a midwife. After childbirth, the umbilical cord is cut and buried in a pit in the delivery place.New mother doesn't gets food for three days after childbirth, instead she is given Kashapani gud(jaggery), saunth, til laddoos to eat. After that she's given normal food. On the sixth day house is purified and chhathi is celebrated.
MARRIAGE RITUAL- The age of marriage in this tribe is 14-18 for boys and 12-16 for girls. Marriage is proposed from groom's side and decided by bride's side. After marriage is arranged, groom's side of family goes to the bride's place with new saree, jaggery, some money and alchohal for engagement. Wedding rituals are completed in five steps - engagement, dwarmangna, roti todna, wedding and gauna respectively. Rice, dal, oil, jaggery, turmeric and some money is given to the bride's side from the groom's side as sook bharna. Wedding rituals are completee by the older men of tribe. Now bramhan (pundits) are providing these services. Exchange and ghar jamai tradition is also prevalent. Ghuspaith, sehpalayan marriages are accepted after some fine. Widow remarriage is also permitted.
FUNERAL- Dead body is burned commonly. Sometimes burried also. On the third day family members give their hair in teej nahan ceremony. House is cleaned. On tenth day man and on the ninth day child and woman's dashkaram is done. In which everyone is fed after worshipping. Children are buried after death. On fifth day Feast is hosted.
GODS AND GODDESSES- Main Gods- dulha dev, bahandev, thakur dev, shikaar dev, sarvamangala devi, sagai devi, budhwa, raksha devi, maatin devi, banjaara devi etc. In addition to these, Hindu gods and goddess are also worshipped.
Khairwar's total population is calculated 76097, which is 0.105% of MPs population
POPULATION- Khairwar's total population is calculated 76097, which is 0.105% of MPs population.
RESIDENTIAL AREA- Mandla, Dindori, Shahdol, Umariya, chhindwara, Seoni, Betul, Jabalpur, Hoshangabad, Harda, Raisen, Seedhi, Panna, Sagar, Damoh, Satna, , Sehore, Narsinghpur, Sheopur, Bhind, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Guna, Tikamgarh, Chhatarpur, Rewa, Ratlam etc.
GOTRA- Their main gotras- naag, dhaan, nun, dheki, kashi, chandan, kachhua, bahera, bel etc.
LIFESTYLE- This tribe's villages are usually in forests, valley etc. Houses have two or three rooms. There's open place outside of the house. They make their Houses themselves. They are made of soil. Roof is made of grass and native tiles. Walls are painted with white or yellow soil. Floor is made of soil, which is plastered with cow dung by women. House has pestle, grain grinder, grain warehouse is made of soil. Utensils, clothes, Bedsheets, Farming equipment etc. are available.
FOOD HABITS- They eat wheat, sorghum tortillas, moong, tuar dal, seasonal vegetables and fish chicken and mutton in non veg.
CLOTHES AND JEWELLERY- Bangles in hands, ainthi, naagmori, khinwa in ears, dhar, laung (nose pin) in nose, sutia in neck, surda, hamel etc.are worn by women. In clothing men wear, panchha, dhoti, bundi. women wear lugda, polka.
TATTOO- Women have tattoos on their hands, feet and face.
FESTIVALS- karma, jutia, norta, nawakhani, dussehra, diwali, vaishakhi, etc. Gods and Goddess are worshipped on these occasions.
DANCE-Karma dance on the time of karma pooja, jadura dance on Diwali, danda dance on holi. Their main musical instruments are maandar, dhol, flute.
OCCUPATION- Their main income is to make kattha out of khairvraksh, wild product collection, and are dependent on farming. They collect woods from forests,soak it in water, and cook it in bhatti and then dry it. In wild product mahua, gulli, harra, anwla etc. are collected and sold. Those who have cropland, grow crops such as dhan, kodo, makka, moong, urad, etc.
BIRTH RITUAL- In khairwar tribe age of marriage is 14-18 for boys and 12-16 for girls. Marriage proposal is sent by groom's family. Groom's father gives rice, pulses, jaggery and some money to bride's father. Clothes are given to bride's mother. Apart from this, ghuspaith, seva vivaah, widow remarriage is also prevalent.
FUNERAL- The dead body is buried after death. sometimes, some people burn it as well. On the third day, men of family get bald and clean shaved. On the tenth day their family feeds their relatives and village people.
GODS AND GODDESSES- Their main gods are Thakur dev, maharani devi, budhi mai, satidevi, bangaram devi, jhoot dev, gurmadev, dulha dev etc. In addition to this Hindu gods and goddess,natural things are also worshipped.
||Kondh, khond, kandh
||Korku, karku, bopehi, mouasi, nihal, nahul, bondhi, bondeya
||Oraon, bhanka, khangad
||Pardhan, pathari, saroti
||Pardhi, bahellia, bahcllia, chita pardhi, langoli, pardhi, phans pardhi, shikari, takankar takia
||Sahariya, saharia, seharia, sehria, sosia, sor